A diamond cut determines the sparkle of a diamond. It depends on its ability to take in light, then reflect the light back out towards the person looking at the diamond. The more light the diamond reflects from its facets, the more sparkly it will typically look
In order to achieve this, diamonds are cut into shapes made up of numerous facets. Each facet acts similarly to a mirror, reflecting light from one part of the diamond to another, then bouncing it back out of the diamond to create a beautiful sparkle.
What Does Sparkle Means In Diamond Cutting?
“Sparkle” means in this sense, since well cut diamonds can reflect different types of light. This ability to reflect light is typically referred to as “brilliance” and “fire.”
Brilliance refers to a diamond’s ability to reflect light. The more white light a diamond can reflect off its table to your eyes, the more brilliant it is. This is the factor that makes a diamond sparkle and look particularly impressive and beautiful.
Fire refers to a diamond’s ability to disperse colored light. A diamond with great fire might give off a colored reflection, giving it a unique character and beauty. Fire can take the form of any of the spectral colors, from red to orange, yellow, green, blue, and violet.
Most of the time, diamond cuts with more facets are more brilliant than diamond cuts that have fewer facets. In fact, some diamond cuts are designed specifically to have the ideal number of facets for optimal light reflection and brilliance.
Popular Diamond Cuts
The most brilliant, or sparkliest, diamond cut is the round brilliant cut. Round brilliant diamonds are cut to have 58 facets (including the culet), allowing light to enter the diamond and reflect off of every facet to create a beautiful sparkle. Interestingly, the round brilliant diamond cut was actually designed and engineered specifically to have the strongest possible sparkle.
As such, if you’re searching for the sparkliest, most brilliant diamond possible, the round brilliant cut is the shape you’ll typically want to choose.
Princess, Radiant and Cushion Cuts
These cuts are all well-known for their beautiful sparkle. They’re great alternatives that offer a similar level of brilliance and fire at a lower cost per carat than a round brilliant cut diamond.
The princess cut has a great ability to chop up and reflect light. In a high cut quality, a princess cut diamond can have an absolutely stunning sparkle.
The radiant cut was developed specifically to combine the best aspects of the round brilliant cut and the emerald cut, with 70 facets giving it a great ability to reflect light and create a beautiful sparkle.
The cushion cut is very good at reflecting light, giving it a high level of brilliance and fire. While it doesn’t quite match the round brilliant cut, it offers a strong sparkle at a significantly lower price per carat.
Oval, Pear, Heart and Marquise
Although the round brilliant diamond cut has the strongest sparkle, it isn’t the only diamond cut that’s good at taking in and reflecting light.
Several other diamond cuts share characteristics with the round brilliant cut, including a pattern of facets that’s designed to reflect as much light as possible. These include the oval, marquise and pear cuts.
Oval diamonds are, as you’d expect from their name, cut in an oval shape, with a similar facet pattern to the round brilliant cut. Similar to the marquise cut, this elongated shape means that the oval cut wears slightly larger than differently cut diamonds of the same carat weight.
There are 56 facets on an oval diamond, allowing this cut to show off gorgeous brilliance and fire when it’s cut well.
Like the marquise and oval cuts, the pear cut (or, more commonly, the pear shape) has a similar facet pattern to the round brilliant cut. If fact, just like the round brilliant cut, a typical pear shape diamond has 58 facets, allowing it to take in and reflect an excellent amount of light.
Heart cut, or heart-shaped, diamonds are cut similarly to round brilliant diamonds, with between 56 and 58 facets. This means that when they’re cut well, they can have a truly stunning level of brilliance and fire.
With 56 facets, the marquise cut has a similar facet pattern to the round brilliant cut. This gives it excellent brilliance, meaning a well-cut marquise diamond will offer plenty of sparkle.
In addition to its impressive sparkle, the marquise cut tends to look slightly larger than differently cut diamonds of the same carat weight. This makes it an option worth considering if you want a diamond that combines a beautiful sparkle with impressive presence.
Emerald and Asscher Cuts
While beautiful in their own right, the Asscher and Emerald cuts aren’t well known for their brilliance. Due to their design and facet pattern, diamonds in these shapes generally aren’t as bright and sparkly as those with a shape based on the brilliant cut.
However, these shapes are prized for their clarity and luster. Cut well and in a high clarity grade, a high-quality Asscher or Emerald cut diamond can have a unique, elegant appearance.
Diamonds Sparkle Due To More Than Just Shape
In general, diamonds with a large number of facets such as those listed above will sparkle more than diamonds with fewer facets.
However, the shape of a diamond is just one factor out of many that can determine how strongly it sparkles. Other factors, such as its cut quality, length to width ratio and depth to table ratio all affect a diamond’s brilliance, fire and overall ability to sparkle.
Below, we’ve shared several tips to help you choose a diamond with the strongest brilliance and fire.
Choose an Ideal Cut Diamond
Of these four components, the cut quality has the largest impact on a diamond’s brilliance and fire. Simply put, a well-cut diamond will reflect far more light than a badly cut one, resulting in a much stronger, more visible sparkle.
As we recommend in our guide to diamond cut, we highly recommend limiting your search to diamonds with a high-quality cut grade.
For a round brilliant cut diamond, limit your selection to “Excellent” (if the diamond is graded by GIA or “Ideal” (if it’s graded by AGS. These cut grades ensure that the diamond has the right proportions for optimal brilliance and fire.
For fancy shape diamonds, such as the marquise, oval, pear and heart cuts, choosing the right diamond can be more of a challenge. The cut quality of fancy shape diamonds generally can’t be deciphered using certification alone, meaning you’ll need to closely look at images.
We recommend using a trusted online diamond vendor such as Kanjimull for expert advice.
If you’re considering a fancy shape diamond, we recommend using the length to width ratio and depth to table ratio guidelines in our diamond shape guide to avoid buying a diamond that won’t reflect light well.
Cut is essential for optimal sparkle, making it important to take this component of the four Cs as seriously as possible. More than any other factor, the cut of a diamond will affect how strongly it sparkles, both in and out of direct light.
Keep Your Diamond Clean and Properly Cared For
Over time, it’s common for a diamond to pick up dirt, oil and residue. Even touching a diamond can be enough to transfer the natural oil from your fingers onto its surface, dulling its shine and reducing its brilliance.
For optimal sparkle, make sure you properly care for your diamond. Keeping a diamond clean will help it shine brightly and maximize its brilliance and fire.